Bernard Enginger (30.10.1923 – 09.04.2007), Frenchman, disciple of the Mother. He was born in Paris. Breton was his calf-country.
During II World War was Gaullist. In late 1943 was arrested by Gestapo. One and a half year was at death camps.
After the War worked at colonial administration of Pondicherry. Visited one of the Darshans at Ashram. Then travelled at Guiana, Brasilia, Africa. All over he carried “The Life Divine” by Sri Aurobindo.
In 1953 returned to Pondicherry and settle in the Ashram. There he taught at the school, and was in charge of the French issues of “Bulletin of Physical Education”. On 3 March 1957, The Mother gave him the name Satprem (“the one who loves truly”).
Then tripped once more — Congo, Brasilia, Afghanistan, Himalayas, New Zealand, sailed round the world. In 1959 he was a disciple of Tantric, priest of temple in Ramesvaram. Then he was a disciple of another Yogi and wandered at India six months as a mendicant sanyasi practicing Tantra, which formed the basis of his second novel, Par le Corps de la Terre, ou le Sanyassin (By the Body of the Earth or, The Sanyasi).
In 1960 he returned again (as he put it, “the bird flew back once more”), to the Pondicherry Ashram and the Mother, who started inviting him from time to time to her room, originally for work in connection with the Bulletin. As their relationship developed, he asked more questions, and eventually decided to record their conversations, taking a tape-recorder to her room. The result of this collaboration was The Agenda, the first volume of which (which covers 1951 to 1960) also contains Satprem’s letters to The Mother during his wandering days
Also, under The Mother’s guidance he wrote Sri Aurobindo, ou l’Aventure de la Conscience (Sri Aurobindo, or the Adventure of Consciousness), which became the most popular introductory book to Sri Aurobindo and The Mother (published 1964). In 1972 and 1973 he also wrote under the Mother’s guidance the essay La Genese du Surhomme (On the Way to Supermanhood), which she regarded very highly. This was published in 1974.
In 1978 — Mother’s centenary year — the Ashram trustees ‘expelled’ Satprem because of his wish to publish, unexpurgated, the entire transcript of his talks with the Mother. Satprem described this period at his Notebooks of an Apocalypse. All of Satprem’s correspondence from 1962 to 1973 with the Mother was confiscated, and he went (secretly carrying away the tapes of the Agenda) to Harwood, Nilgiri, where he edited the 13 volumes of the Agenda, while at the same time wrote the trilogy Mère (Mother) — Le Matérialisme Divin (The Divine Materialism), L’Espèce Nouvelle (The New Species), La Mutation de la Mort (The Mutation of Death) — both a biography of the Mother and his own analyses and commentary on the Agenda material.
In 1982 all 13 volumes of the Agenda were published in French by the Institut de Recherches Evolutives (Institute for Evolutionary Research) in Paris. And Satprem felt he had completed all his external work. The following year, he and Sujata decided to withdraw completely from public life for sadhana.
The 1985 book La Vie sans Mort (Life without Death) is a follow-up to Mind of the Cells, co-written with Luc Venet, and provides a glimpse of Satprem in his post-Ashram life in this period.
In 1989, he wrote a brief autobiographical account, The Revolt of the Earth, in which he took stock of Man’s present situation. Evolution II followed three years later, a pithy record of Satprem’s journey through our human and terrestrial grave: “After Man, who? But the question is: After Man, how?”
In 1994, Satprem published Lettres d’un Insoumis (Letters of a Rebel), two volumes of autobiographical correspondence.
In 1995, he wrote La Tragédie de la Terre - de Sophocle à Sri Aurobindo (The Tragedy of the Earth - from Sophocles to Sri Aurobindo), which traces a curve from the Vedic and pre-Socratic era to our Iron Age and to Sri Aurobindo.
In 1998, he pulished La Clef des Contes (The Key of Tales).
In 1999, he wrote Néanderthal Regarde (Neanderthal Looks On), an essay on the betrayal of Man in India as in the West, and started publishing his multi-volume Notebooks of an Apocalypse, the record of his work in the depths of the body consciousness, in which he was brutally plunged after Mother’s departure in 1973. In French, seven volumes of Notebooks were published to the date, in English — only vol.1, 1973-1978.
In 2000 followed La Légende de l’Avenir (The Legend of the Future).
In 2002 followed Mémoires d’un Patagonien - Conte Préhistorique et Posthistorique (Memoires of a Patagonian - Prehistoric and Posthistoric Tale) and La Philosophie de l’Amour (The Philosophy of Love).
In 2008, the IRE published his last book L’Oiseau Doël (The Doël Bird).
On 9 April 2007 Satprem leaved his body at the age of 84. About last days of Satprem and Sujata see Nirmal Singh Nahar (elder brother of Sujata Nahar). On Satprem and Sujata: An Interview By Anurag Banerjee.
Satprem Divine Materialism SEE The Mother, or Divine Materialism
Satprem The Doël Bird = L’Oiseau Doël (2008)
Satprem Evolution II (1992)}}One may ask the evolutionary question: After man, who? But the question the author poses is: After man, how? This book grapples with the processes of evolution beyond the present mortal state
Satprem Gringo (1980)}}Interview de Satprem par Frédéric de Towarnicki Satprem, d'une manière très vivante et dans un langage simple, fait le récit de sa vie, son enfance, les camps de concentration où il fut enfermé comme membre de la Résistance, puis ses périples à travers le monde jusqu'à sa rencontre avec Sri Aurobindo et Mère, et offre une excellente introduction à leur œuvre. Nouvelle édition augmentée d'une lettre inédite de Satprem datée de 1998, Lettre d'un autre âge.Un “Livre de la Jungle” à l’envers. Mâ, l’Ancienne de l’évolution, entraîne Gringo dans des aventures du passé et de l’avenir de la Terre, de la forêt pré-humaine à la forêt mystérieuse de demain.
Satprem The Key of the Tales = La Clef des Contes (1998)
Satprem The Legend of the Future = La Légende de l’Avenir (2000)
Satprem Letters of a Rebel = Lettres d’un Insoumis (1994)In 2х volumes. 1947-1973 }}Correspondence in 2 volumes covering the period 1947-1973
Satprem Lettres of an Unsubmissive person SEE Letters of a Rebel
Satprem The Mother: Trilogy.- Vol.1. Divine Materialism = Le Matérialisme DivinThis first volume in Satprem's trilogy is a biographical work based on Mother's own revealing comments about her early life and times excerpted from extensive conversations with the author as well as other sources. Recounts Mother's childhood experiences, her training in occultism with Max Théon, her meeting with Sri Aurobindo in 1914 and her work with him until 1950.
Satprem The Mother: Trilogy.- Vol.2. The New species = L’Espèce Nouvelle}}Follows from 1950 to 1968 Mother's descent into the depths of the human body, leading her to the next mode of life on earth.
Satprem The Mother: Trilogy.- Vol.3. Mutation of Death = La Mutation de la Mort Records Mother’s struggle with the cellular transformation as her body becomes the field of tremendous battle between the Supramental force seeking to manifest itself and all the opposing forces of the ignorance and falsehood deeply entrenched in the human collective subconscient. Evokes Mother’s last years, from 1968 to 1973, the most critical and poignant period, and attempts to unveil the Secret.
Satprem Mutation of Death SEE The Mother, or Mutation of Death
Satprem Neanderthal Looks On = Néanderthal Regarde (1999, 22 April)}}In it, Satprem looks on the betrayal of Man which we are witnessing in the West as in India, and on the meaning of our « human transition » at the end of « this long detour of ages.» A powerful and moving text for those who feel baffled by the apparent negativity – and horror – all around us.
Satprem The New species SEE The Mother, or The New species
Satprem The Tragedy of the Earth — from Sophocles to Sri Aurobindo = La Tragédie de la Terre — de Sophocle à Sri Aurobindo (1995)}}Satprem’s book, which draws a curve from Sophocles and the pre-Socratic and Vedic era to our Iron Age and to Sri Aurobindo, «the revolutionary of consciousness and Evolution» who embodies the last turning point of our human destiny and gives us the key to our immortal reality.
Satprem The Veda and Human Destiny (1961)}}A 30-page booklet excerpt from an early, unpublished work by Satprem on Sri Aurobindo. It offers a compelling and living introduction to the Veda and the experience of the Vedic Rishis, those « warriors of the Light and travellers to Truth » who dared to dig out the «great passage» in own bodies.
Marot, Patrice Sri Aurobindo - Satprem: book review // Marg v. 42 no3 ((1991)) p. 57-8