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Sri Aurobindo

Bande Mataram

Early Political Writings. 1890 — May 1908

AVAILABLE EDITIONS:

Sri Aurobindo Birth Century Library: Set in  30  volumes.- Vol. 1

Sri Aurobindo. Bande Mataram: Early Political Writings. 1890 - May 1908 // Sri Aurobindo Birth Century Library: Set in  30  volumes.- Volume 1.- Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram, 1973.- 920 p.

 

The Complete Works of Sri Aurobindo: Set in  37  volumes. Vol. 6-7

Sri Aurobindo. Bande Mataram: Political Writings and Speeches. 1890–1908 // The Complete Works of Sri Aurobindo: Set in 37 volumes.– Volumes 6-7.- Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram, 2002.- 1182 p.

   

Sri Aurobindo Birth Century Library
Set in  30  volumes
Volume 1

— ALL BOOK IN A SINGLE FILE

 

SABCL edition, PDF-file
De Luxe editin, PDF-file

Page Maker (P65) file + fonts (zipped package)

DJVu format (graphic copy of the original book) (4.4 Mb)

DJV-viewers freeware, 6.7 Mb

—SET OF HTML FILES

NOTE

The articles in this Volume are not an index of Sri Aurobindo's later views on the leading problems of the day. His views had undergone a great change with the development of his consciousness and knowledge. The latest views of Sri Aurobindo on these problems appear in Volume 15 : "Social and Political Thought".

India Renascent

1890 / 18921

About New Lamps for Old [1]
[The facts about the articles in the Indu Prakash...]

 

About New Lamps for Old [2]
[The title refers to Congress...]

 

New Lamps for Old — 1

07-08-18931

New Lamps for Old — 2

21-08-18931

New Lamps for Old — 3

28-08-18931

New Lamps for Old — 4

18-09-18931

New Lamps for Old — 5

30-10-18931

New Lamps for Old — 6

13-11-18931

New Lamps for Old — 7

04-12-18931

New Lamps for Old — 8

05-02-18941

New Lamps for Old — 9

06-03-18941

Unity: An Open Letter to Those Who Despair of Their Country

(?) / 19051

On Bhawani Mandir

(?) / 19052

Bhawani Mandir

(?) / 19051

Bhawani Mandir. Appendix

(?) / 19051

An Organisation

1901 / 19051

The Proposed Reconstruction of Bengal

c. / 19041

A Note on "Bande Mataram" [1]
Passage from Note. Full version see here snd here

-

A Note on "Bande Mataram" [2]
Passage from a note. Full version see here and here

-

The Doctrine of Passive Resistance. I. Introduction

11-04-19071

The Doctrine of Passive Resistance. II. Its Object

12-04-19071

The Doctrine of Passive Resistance. III. Its Necessity

13-04-19071

The Doctrine of Passive Resistance. IV. Its Methods

17-04-19071

The Doctrine of Passive Resistance. V. Its Obligations

18-04-19071

The Doctrine of Passive Resistance. VI. Its Limits

20-04-19071

The Doctrine of Passive Resistance. VII. Conclusions

23-04-19071

The Morality of Boycott

19081

A Fragment
[Earlier printed as a part of The Morality of Boycott]

19081

Bande Mataram

Darkness in "Light"

20-08-19061

Our Rip Van Winkles

20-08-19061

Indians Abroad

20-08-19061

Officials on the Fall of Fuller

20-08-19061

Cow-Killing: An Englishman's Amusements in Jalpaiguri

20-08-19061

National Education and the Congress

22-08-1906N

A Pusillanimous Proposal

25-08-1906N

By the Way

27-08-19061

The "Mirror" and Mr. Tilak

28-08-19061

Leaders in Council

28-08-19061

By the Way

30-08-19061

Lessons at Jamalpur

01-09-19061

By the Way

01-09-19061

By the Way

03-09-19061

English Enterprise and Swadeshi

04-09-19061

Jamalpur

04-09-19061

By the Way

04-09-19061

The Times on Congress Reforms

08-09-19061

By the Way

08-09-19061

The Sanjibani on Mr. Tilak

10-09-19061

Secret Tactics

10-09-19061

By the Way

10-09-19061

The Question of the Hour

11-09-19061

A Criticism

11-09-19061

The Old Policy and the New

12-09-19061

Is a Conflict Necessary?

12-09-19061

The Charge of Vilification

12-09-19061

Autocratic Trickery

12-09-19061

The Bhagalpur Meeting

12-09-1906N

By the Way

12-09-19061

Strange Speculations

13-09-19061

The "Statesman" under Inspiration

13-09-19061

A Disingenuous Defence

14-09-19061

The Friend Found Out

17-09-1906N

Stopgap Won't Do

17-09-19061

By the Way

17-09-19061

Is Mendicancy Successful?

18-09-19061

By the Way

18-09-19061

Mischievous Writings

20-09-1906N

A Luminous Line

20-09-1906N

By the Way

20-09-19061

By the Way

01-10-19061

By the Way

10-10-1906N

By the Way

11-10-19061

The Coming Congress

13-10-1906N

Statesman's Sympathy Brand

29-10-19061

By the Way: News from Nowhere

29-10-19061

The Man of the Past and the Man of the Future

26-12-19061

The Results of the Congress

31-12-19061

Yet There is Method in It

25-02-19071

Mr. Gokhale's Disloyalty

28-02-19071

The Comilla Incident

15-03-19071

British Protection or Self-Protection

18-03-19071

By the Way

21-03-1907N

The Berhampur Conference

29-03-19071

The President of the Berhampur Conference

02-04-19071

Peace and the Autocrats

03-04-19071

Many Delusions

05-04-19071

Omissions and Commissions at Berhampur

06-04-19071

The Writing on the Wall

08-04-19071

A Nil-admirari Admirer

09-04-19071

Pherozshahi at Surat

10-04-19071

The Situation in East Bengal

11-04-19071

The Proverbial Offspring

12-04-19071

By the Way

12-04-19071

By the Way

13-04-19071

The Old Year

16-04-19071

A Vilifier on Vilification

17-04-19071

By the Way: A Mouse in a Flutter

17-04-19071

Simple, not Rigorous

18-04-19071

British Interests and British Conscience

18-04-19071

A Recommendation

18-04-19071

An Ineffectual Sedition Clause

19-04-19071

The "Englishman" as a Statesman

19-04-19071

The Gospel According to Surendranath

22-04-19071

A Man of Second Sight

23-04-19071

Passive Resistance in The Punjab

23-04-19071

By the Way

24-04-19071

Bureaucracy at Jamalpur

25-04-19071

Is This Your Lion of Bengal?

25-04-1907N

Anglo-Indian Blunderers

25-04-19071

The Leverage of Faith

25-04-19071

Graduated Boycott

26-04-19071

Instinctive Loyalty

26-04-19071

Nationalism not Extremism

26-04-19071

Shall India be Free? The Loyalist Gospel

27-04-19071

The Mask is Off

27-04-19071

A Loyalist in a Panic

27-04-1907N

Shall India be Free? National Development and Foreign Rule

29-04-19071

Shall India be Free?

30-04-19071

Moonshine for Bombay Consumption?

01-05-19071

The "Reformer" on Moderation

01-05-19071

Shall India be Free? Unity and British Rule

02-05-19071

Extremism in the "Bengalee"

03-05-19071

Hare or Another

03-05-19071

Look on This Picture, Then on That

06-05-19071

Curzonism for the University

08-05-19071

By the Way

09-05-19071

The Crisis

11-05-19071

In Praise of the Government

13-05-19071

How to Meet the Ordinance

15-05-19071

The Latest Phase of Morleyism

15-05-1907N

An Old Parrot Cry Repeated

15-05-1907N

Mr. Morley's Pronouncement

16-05-19071

What does Mr. Hare Mean?

16-05-19071

The "Statesman" Unmasks

17-05-19071

Sui Generis

17-05-19071

The "Statesman" on Mr. Mudholkar

20-05-19071

Silent Leaders

21-05-1907N

The Government Plan of Campaign

22-05-19071

And Still It Moves

23-05-19071

The Thunderer's Challenge

24-05-1907N

An Irish Example

24-05-19071

The East Bengal Disturbances

25-05-19071

Newmania

25-05-19071

Mr. Gokhale on Deportation

25-05-1907N

The Gilded Sham Again

27-05-19071

National Volunteers

27-05-19071

The True Meaning of the Risley Circular

28-05-19071

The Effect of Petitionary Politics

29-05-19071

The Ordinance and After

30-05-19071

Common Sense in an Unexpected Quarter

30-05-19071

Drifting Away

30-05-19071

The Question of the Hour

01-06-19071

Regulated Independence

04-06-19071

A Consistent "Patriot"

04-06-19071

Wanted, a Policy

05-06-19071

Preparing the Explosion

05-06-19071

A Statement

06-06-19071

Defying the Circular

07-06-19071

By the Way: When shall We Three Meet Again?

07-06-19071

The Strength of the Idea

08-06-19071

Comic Opera Reforms

08-06-19071

Paradoxical Advice

08-06-19071

An Out of Date Reformer

12-06-19071

The Sphinx

14-06-19071

Slow but Sure

17-06-19071

The Rawalpindi Sufferers

18-06-19071

The Main Feeder of Patriotism

19-06-19071

Concerted Action

20-06-19071

The Bengal Government's Letter

20-06-19071

British Justice

21-06-19071

The Moral of the Coconada Strike

21-06-19071

The "Statesman" on Shooting

21-06-19071

Mr. A. Chowdhury's Policy

22-06-19071

A Current Dodge

22-06-19071

More about British Justice

24-06-19071

Morleyism Analysed

25-06-19071

Political or Non-political

25-06-19071

The "Statesman" on Mr. Chowdhuri

26-06-19071

"Legitimate Patriotism"

27-06-19071

Personal Rule and Freedom of Speech and Writing

28-06-19071

The Acclamation of the House

02-07-19071

Europe and Asia

03-07-19071

English Obduracy and Its Reason

11-07-19071

Work and Speech

12-07-1907(?)N

From Phantom to Reality

13-07-19071

Swadeshi in Education

13-07-19071

Boycott and After

15-07-19071

The Khulna Comedy

20-07-19071

The Korean Crisis

22-07-19071

One More for the Altar

25-07-19071

The Issue

29-07-19071

The 7th of August

06-08-19071

The "Indian Patriot" on Ourselves

06-08-19071

To Organise

08-08-19071

A Compliment and Some Misconceptions

12-08-19071

Pal on the Brain

12-08-19071

To Organise Boycott

c. 14-08-19071

The Bloomfield Murder

c. 14-08-1907N

The Foundations of Nationality

c. 17-08-19071

Barbarities at Rawalpindi

c. 19-08-19071

The High Court Miracles

c. 19-08-19071

Justice Mitter and Swaraj

c. 19-08-1907N

Advice to National College Students

23-08-19071

Sankharitola's Apologia

24-08-19071

Our False Friends

26-08-19071

Repression and Unity

27-08-1907(?)1

The Three Unities of Sankharitola

31-08-1907(?)1

Eastern Renascence

03-09-19071

The Martyrdom of Bepin Chandra

12-09-19071

The Unhindu Spirit of Caste Rigidity

20-09-19071

Caste and Democracy

22-09-19071

Impartial Hospitality

23-09-1907N

Free Speech

24-09-1907N

"Bande Mataram" Prosecution

25-09-19071

The Chowringhee Pecksniff and Ourselves

26-09-19071

The "Statesman" in Retreat

28-09-19071

True Swadeshi

04-10-1907N

Novel Ways to Peace

05-10-19071

"Armenian Horrors"

05-10-19071

The Vanity of Reaction

07-10-1907(?)1

The Price of a Friend

07-10-1907(?)1

A New Literary Departure

07-10-1907(?)1

Mr. Keir Hardie and India

08-10-19071

The Nagpur Affair and True Unity

23-10-19071

The Nagpur Imbroglio

29-10-19071

English Democracy Shown Up

31-10-19071

How to Meet the Inevitable Repression

02-11-1907N

Difficulties at Nagpur

04-11-19071

Mr. Tilak and the Presidentship

05-11-19071

Nagpur and Loyalist Methods

16-11-19071

The Life of Nationalism

16-11-19071

By the Way: In Praise of Honest John

18-11-19071

Bureaucratic Policy

19-11-19071

The New Faith

30-11-1907N

About Unity

02-12-19071

Personality or Principle

03-12-19071

Persian Democracy

03-12-1907N

More about Unity

04-12-19071

By the Way

05-12-19071

Caste and Representation

06-12-19071

About Unmistakable Terms

12-12-19071

The Surat Congress

13-12-19071

Reasons of Secession

14-12-19071

The Awakening of Gujerat

17-12-19071

"Capturing the Congress"

18-12-19071

Lala Lajpat Rai's Refusal

18-12-19071

The Delegates' Fund

18-12-19071

The Present Situation

19-01-19081

Bande Mataram

29-01-19081

Revolutions and Leadership

06-02-19081

The Slaying of Congress: A Tragedy in Three Acts

11-02-1908(?) /
15-02-1908N

Swaraj

18-02-19081

The Future of the Movement

19-02-19081

Work and Ideal

20-02-19081

By the Way

20-02-19081

The Latest Sedition Trial

21-02-19081

The Soul and India's Mission

21-02-19081

The Glory of God in Man

22-02-19081

A National University

24-02-19081

A Misconception

24-02-1908N

Mustafa Kamil Pasha

03-03-19081

A Great Opportunity

04-03-19081

The Strike at Tuticorin

04-03-1908N

Swaraj and the Coming Anarchy

05-03-19081

Back to the Land

06-03-1908N

The Village and the Nation

08-03-1908(?)1

Welcome to the Prophet of Nationalism

10-03-19081

The Voice of the Martyrs

11-03-19081

Constitution-making

11-03-19081

What Committee?

11-03-19081

A Great Message

12-03-19081

The Tuticorin Victory

13-03-19081

Perpetuate the Split!

14-03-19081

Loyalty to Order

14-03-19081

Asiatic Democracy

16-03-19081

Charter or No Charter

16-03-19081

The Warning from Madras

17-03-19081

The Need of the Moment

c. 18/19-03-19081

The Early Indian Polity

20-03-19081

The Fund for Sj. Pal

21-03-19081

The Weapon of Secession

23-03-19081

Sleeping Sirkar and Waking People

23-03-19081

Anti-Swadeshi in Madras

23-03-19081

Exclusion or Unity?

24-03-19081

Biparita Buddhi

24-03-1908N

Oligarchy or Democracy?

25-03-19081

Freedom of Speech

26-03-19081

The Comedy of Repression

26-03-1908N

Tomorrow's Meeting

27-03-19081

Well Done, Chidambaram!

27-03-19081

The Anti-Swadeshi Campaign

27-03-19081

Spirituality and Nationalism

28-03-19081

The Struggle in Madras

30-03-19081

A Misunderstanding

30-03-19081

The Next Step

31-03-19081

A Strange Expectation

31-03-1908N

A Prayer

31-03-1908N

India and the Mongolian

01-04-19081

Religion and the Bureaucracy

01-04-19081

The Milk of Putana

01-04-19081

Oligarchy Rampant

02-04-1908N

The Question of the President

03-04-19081

Convention and Conference

04-04-19081

By the Way

04-04-19081

The Constitution of the Subjects Committee

06-04-19081

The New Ideal

07-04-19081

The “Indu” and the Dhulia Conference

08-04-1908N

The Asiatic Role

09-04-19081

Love Me or Die

09-04-19081

The Work Before Us

10-04-19081

Campbell-Bannerman Retires

10-04-19081

United Congress: Speech

10-04-19081

The Demand of the Mother

11-04-19081

Baruipur Speech

12-04-19081

Peace and Exclusion

13-04-19081

Indian Resurgence and Europe

14-04-19081

Om Shantih

14-04-19081

Conventionalist and Nationalist

18-04-19081

The Future and the Nationalists

22-04-19081

The Wheat and the Chaff

23-04-19081

Party and the Country

24-04-19081

The "Bengalee" Facing-Both-Ways

24-04-19081

Providence and Perorations

24-04-1908N

The One Thing Needful

25-04-19081

Palli Samiti

26-04-19081

New Conditions

29-04-19081

Whom to Believe?

29-04-19081

By the Way: The Parable of Sati

29-04-19081

Leaders and a Conscience

30-04-19081

An Ostrich in Colootola

30-04-19081

I Cannot Join

30-04-1908N

By the Way

30-04-19081

Ideals Face to Face

01-05-1908(?)1

The New Nationalism

1907 / 19081

Bibliographical Note

-

Note on this e-publication

During the history of publication of Sri Aurobindo’s works, their texts were modified here and there — sometimes by elementary misprints, but more often because of the hard work of editors, who:

(1) discovered and encrypted unprinted manuscripts or their parts (this was a best part of what they could do);

(2) corrected previous misprints or unsound modifications (a sound part of their work);

(3) corrected Sri Aurobondo’s factual or grammatical inexactnesses or mistakes or grammatical characteristics (i.e. s / z) (what would be appropriate only in footnotes, but not in the text itself);

(4) made innumerable “improvements” of the texts, when original words were replaced by more “appropriate” ones; articles changed most freely; the tenses of verbs and the singular and plural of nouns were often modified (and all these “improvements” deform in some degree — even if in hardly notable — the meaning, intonation, nuance, manner, style and therefore are inadmissible; and, after all, we need Sri Aurobindo’s words, not editor’s);

(5) combined  (using sometimes invented insertions or modifying texts) different texts (or some parts of them) as if it were one solid work (this also deforms meaning and context of originals and often brings strange feeling when one style or tone is strangely jumped to another. It would be too licentious even in someone’s work based on Sri Aurobindo’s writings, but it is absolutely inadmissible in a book pretended to be a collection of HIS works);

(6) cut off parts of the texts (especially of the letters) under pretext that they are not of “general interest” — although, rather, to fit the remains to a subject of a book or its section (and this is the most disgusting spoilage and uncorrectable and grievous loss).

So now we have Sri Aurobondo’s works with varied places — when one of variants, perhaps, is authentic, while other — not quite. May be some day we will see realy Complite Works of Sri Aurobindo without prenominate defects. But now, what can we do, when we have not originals at hand to check alternatives against them?

(1) Sometimes we can correct situation No 5 — i.e. separate different texts, joined together.

(2) Sometimes we can correct situation No 6 — whenever we find full version, we can provide fragment of the text by footnote with full version or even replace this fragment by full version.

(3) We can evince most of the cases of situations Nos  3 and 4. For this purpose we compared the texts of different editions and provide differing places with appropriate footnotes in our files. (By the way, this symbol by symbol comparison allowed us also to avoid misprints of scanning and OCR procedures.) And when this comparison does not make us sure which variant is authentic, we, at least, become aware of the fact and details of such variations.

To distinguish numerous footnotes of this kind we used special style: (1) colour of numbers of footnotes are dark red; (2) when cursor is placed over differing piece, its background is changed to light red (also it allows readers to compare easily differing place in a text with a pop-up hint that contains alternative variant).

During this comparison, to avoid overloading of the texts by footnotes, we ignored differences of register, punctuation, paragraphs, variants of languages or transliterations of the same word (for example, in one edition the word is printed in English transliteration, in another – in Devanagari), sometimes — variants of proper names (especially solid or separate spelling). Also we did not made any footnotes in cases of distinct misprints — just corrected them.

In the footnotes of every file we added a link to another edition of current work (if it exists).

In the Contents above, opposite every work (to the right) we indicated compared edition:

1 The Complete Works of Sri Aurobindo: Set in 37 volumes.- Volumes 6-7.- Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram, 2002.- 1182 p.

2 The Complete Works of Sri Aurobindo: Set in 37 volumes.- Volume 36.- Sri Aurobindo. Autobiographical Notes and Other Writings of Historical Interest.- Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram, 2006.- 612 p.

N This work was not reprinted in the CWSA and it was not compared with other editions.